Why Self Monitor?
Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is an important & integral component of modern therapy for diabetes mellitus. SMBG has been recommended for people with diabetes in order to achieve a target level of glycemic control and thus achieve their HbA1c target.
The goal of SMBG is to achieve target HbA1c by regularly monitoring blood glucose levels at different time intervals so as to check short term glycemic changes and enable maintenance of a more constant glucose level. This can help the healthcare professionals in the adjustment of a therapeutic regimen in response to blood glucose values and to help individuals adjust their dietary intake, physical activity, and understanding insulin doses to improve glycemic control on a day-to-day basis.
Thus, SMBG can aid in diabetes control by:
- Facilitating the development of an individualized blood glucose profile, which can then guide health care professionals in treatment planning for an individualized diabetic regimen
- Giving people with diabetes and their families the understanding of day-to-day treatment choices in diet and physical activity as well as in insulin or other agents.
- Improving patients' recognition of hypoglycemia or severe hyperglycemia; and
- Enhancing patient education and patient empowerment regarding the effects of lifestyle and pharmaceutical intervention on glycemic control.1
Take Home Message 1
SMBG has been recommended for people with diabetes to achieve a target level of glycemic control and thus achieve their HbA1c target.
Take Home Message 2
Appropriate use of SMBG data can help to improve glycemic control, select an anti-diabetic regimen, and provide powerful feedback to patients wishing to blood glucose control.
Take Home Message 3
More frequent self-monitoring of blood glucose levels was associated with clinically better glucose control regardless of diabetes type or therapy.2
1 Clinical Diabetes 20:45-47, 2002
2 American Journal of Medicine. 2001 Jul;111(1):1-9.